What is Psychiatric Rehabilitation?

Also known as psycho-social rehabilitation, psychiatric rehabilitation is a branch of science that aims to provide all the necessary means to help patients with mental disorders such as: obsessive compulsive disorder, or bipolar disorder to return to life in society. This is different from mental hospitals where patients with metal disorders are not allowed to leave the hospital or medical institution.

Psychiatric rehabilitation requires the application of various disciplines to be successful, where rehabilitation involves the following:

  • Healing – One of the first stages of rehabilitation is to ensure the patient’s recovery. Although some of them will not recover completely, rehabilitation is expected to help patients to manage the symptoms of the disorder they are experiencing more efficiently.
  • Self-mastery – Once patients return to life in society, they will come face-to-face with the standards and expectations of others. For most patients, dealing with these things can be difficult, especially if other people know the patient’s background and problems. However, if patients can control themselves and stay motivated, they are more likely to survive and even live up to these expectations.
  • Collaboration – Many experts from rehabilitation centres johannesburg are involved in the rehabilitation program, helping patients to recover, and helping them to overcome their disorders. In fact, most of the parties that offer rehabilitation programs are organizations with teams consisting of a collection of psychiatrists, social workers, and workers who are in a community, and others.
  • Specialized Treatment – ​​The rehabilitation program provided to patients is based on a set of standards, guidelines, and existing methods that can be modified depending on the needs, expertise, personality, and views of the patient. Rehabilitation cannot be successful without the patient’s interest and active participation. Rehabilitation is created and focused on building and strengthening strengths within the patient.

Ultimately, the goal of psychiatric rehabilitation is to provide patients with hope, motivation, respect, and the social, economic, and other skills they need, so that patients can return to living in society more efficiently and effectively.

Who Needs Psychiatric Rehabilitation & Expected Results?

Psychiatric rehabilitation centres in Johannesburg is intended for patients who have experienced mental problems for a long time. The poor mental condition of a person will usually make a person not have the skills to function, contribute, and have the ability to help properly in his community. At the same time, the person also has to live under the stigma of being a person with a disorder, which can make the patient less likely to relate to and distance themselves from others.

Signs and symptoms that differ from his mental state can also increase the likelihood of discord, conflict, and ineffective communication within the group where the patient is present. According to Psychiatry.org, someone who has a mental disorder usually tends to take several actions such as:

  • Dissociates himself from society and loses interest in others
  • Loss of ability to concentrate or understand oneself and others
  • Feeling a mismatch between himself and his environment
  • Cultivate an illogical way of thinking
  • Generate unconventional, imaginary, and exaggerated beliefs
  • Feeling distrust and suspicion of others

The success rate of psychiatric rehabilitation varies from person to person, because there are many influencing factors. One of them is the patient’s acceptance or openness to new or different skills, as well as the opportunity to return to life in society.

Nonetheless, patients can expect that during their rehabilitation, they will:

  • Feel appreciated
  • Form a new sense of confidence in their ability to grow and learn
  • Experience self-growth through continuous help and learning
  • Can seek services and assistance to recover quickly and effectively
  • Can work in teams with different members which will present different levels of needs and challenges
  • Learn to make your own decisions and in the process, grow into a self-controlled person
  • Form a self-supporting group within a community, including family members, who will be assisted by the rehabilitation team
  • Experiencing growth in many areas of their life

How Psychiatric Rehabilitation Works

There are many considerations of how to carry out psychiatric rehabilitation, such as what is needed and the purpose of the patient following rehabilitation, services that can be offered by the rehabilitation team, and the type of mental disorder experienced by the patient.

In general, the process begins with determining the goals or outcomes the patient expects from following the rehabilitation. The role of the rehabilitation team is to ensure that the patient will be directed to set goals for himself based on the patient’s knowledge, abilities, and judgment.

The rehabilitation team will then proceed with helping the patient to determine the steps they need to take to achieve their desired goals. The team will also provide all materials and anything that can help, depending on the circumstances (individual approach).

Typically, a psychiatric rehabilitation program will offer the following:

  • Assistance for health and body condition, including nutrition and diet
  • Reduce the symptoms that arise by taking the right drugs
  • Reducing stress and difficulties experienced with certain techniques, including drugs
  • Introduce to patient-matched support groups
  • Establish a patient support group that can consist of other patients in the rehabilitation, the patient’s family, friends, and even coworkers.
  • Medical services such as long-term and regular counseling as well as accessible doctor’s care (including emergency care)
  • Legal assistance
  • Education through vocational schools or lectures
  • Job placement
  • Residence, such as in an apartment or living in a group
  • The rehabilitation team will also provide:
  • Necessary survival skills, such as self-care, how to keep a safe place to live, how to stay safe while traveling, and life planning
  • Programs and therapies that enhance the patient’s social and technical skills
  • Financial assistance
  • Other assistance the patient may need, such as those related to hobbies, health insurance, and financial accounts (for example, bank accounts)

Once the necessary assistance and skills have been provided and taught to the patient, the responsibility of the rehabilitation team shifts to supervision. Communication and interaction between the patient and the rehabilitation team should continue for a long period of time, be carried out regularly, and on an ongoing basis. Both parties must be able to change their respective approaches to get better results.

Possible Complications and Other Risks

The risks in this treatment arise from the fact that the rehabilitation approach is not always suitable for everyone, as many factors need to be considered. There are also a number of things that need to be improved and even if only one failure occurs in this phase of rehabilitation, the entire program can be a failure.

Then, the patient is also very dependent on the rehabilitation team during the early stages of rehabilitation. However, a large number of psychiatrists are usually located in many hospitals and not in the community area, which means that these psychiatrists do not have the right skills to fully assist patients. For those of you who are looking for the best rehab treatment, you can visit: https://rehabhelper.co.za/clinics/south-africa/johannesburg

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